What to see in Kemer - Attractions in Kemer
You can reach to the Ancient city Phaselis easily by sea and land and also by walking since it is located within Tekirova town and 2 km far from the town center.
Ancient Lydia on Pamphilya border with three ports was founded by colonists of Argos according to one myth on BC. 690.
Phaselis was under the reign of Persians during 200 years and on BC 344 it passes to Alexander the Great. It is known that Alexander the Great was fascinated from the beauty of Phaselis and stayed there during a winter season.
The city was very popular especially during Roman Empire due to its dominant location on Syria and Greece. It was visited by the Emperor Hadrian on AC. 29th century.
Most of the ruins found today belong to Roman and Byzantium period. You can experience history and nature together in Phaselis Ancient city.
Theatre unites with the unique landscape of the environment in accordance with the Hellenistic traditions. Main road is 225 meters and connects the military port to the south port to each other.
The road with 20-25 meter width is trapezoid shaped and it has three floored interesting plan. In this plan the common main road is followed by similar sub upper roads like pavement with three stairs on both sides of the main road.
Phaselis contributes very much to yacht tourism with its marvelous bays and clean sea water.
Theatre within the Phaselis Ancient city is united with the unique landscape of the environment and it is constructed in accordance with Hellenistic traditions.
The theater is 2-floored and with 5 doors and you can reach the theatre by stone stairs from the arena.
Theatre was used during hundred years and its shape is semi circular and has 200 seating lines. So it has 1500-person capacity with this structure. *
* Text from www.kemerholiday.com
Ancient Phaselis is slowly submerging in Antalya
Almost two meters of the ancient city of Phaselis have submerged in 2,000 years, indicated by studies carried out by geologists and geomorphologists in the area, said Akdeniz University Archeology Department Professor Murat Arslan.
Phaselis, situated in the southern province of Antalya’s Kemer district, was important for trade in ancient times as it had three ports. It is possible to see the wealth of the ancient city in the agoras, trade centers, bath houses and temples, expressed by ancient era writers throughout the Classic and Hellenistic periods and Roman history.
Each year, thousands of locals and foreign tourists visit the ancient city surrounded by sea and nature.
The excavations in the ancient city are carried out under the guidance of the Antalya Museum and the scientific consultancy of Arslan.
Phaselis was a city situated in the basin of Lycia (West Mediterranean) and Pamphylia (Antalya and surroundings), Arslan told state-run Anadolu Agency.
“Because it was closely bordered by both, it was able to stay mostly independent throughout history. It protected its autonomy. Without becoming dominated by other countries and by protecting its independent structure, it was able to use the wealth it earned from trade for its citizens,” said Arslan.
Arslan said the importance of the Phaselis tradesmen were well-known in ancient times in famous cities from Athens to Rome and Alexandria to Rhodes.
“The Phaselis tradesmen had stood out so much with their trade that it was reflected in Demosthenes’ speeches, who was one of the most important orators of ancient times,” he said.
Arslan also said the circulation of trade in Phaselis was reflected in the entire Mediterranean basin by the coins issued from the Classic and Hellenistic periods.
Arslan said the ancient city of Phaselis has continued to submerge for 2,000 years, adding that this situation was seen in the ancient cities in the Mediterranean basin.
“The African continent puts pressure on the Asian plate. In some areas, it’s three-centimeters per year and in other areas, nine centimeters. Plate movements in the Mediterranean basin cause that area to collapse in some areas.
We see the basin along the shores of the Mediterranean has slowly submerged, starting from the ancient city of Knidos, the province of Muğla’s Datça district until the province of Antalya’s Gazipaşa district. As a result of the studies carried out by geologists and geomorphologists, we have identified that almost two meters of Phaselis have submerged over 2,000 years,” he said.
Furthermore, he said some of the tombs, necropolis and port areas in the ancient cities of Kekova and Andriake in Antalya’s Demre district have been submerged under water for the same reason.
“As a result of pressure, plate movements cause faults to crack from place to place, create earthquakes and therefore tsunamis occur,” Arslan said.
Arslan also said there was an earthquake in the Mediterranean region in the year 17 B.C., and after this, the Roman Emperor named Tiberius provided lots of aid to the cities situated in area.
He added that the area of Lycia and Pamphylia was subject to a big earthquake in the year 160 A.C. as well. “We know that the well-known rich man of those times, named Opramoas from Rhodiapolis, supplied a large amount of aid to many of those demolished cities after the earthquake. The same goes for the ancient city of Phaselis. We learn from the inscriptions that after the earthquake Opramoas gave 12,500 drahmi to be spent in repairing the demolished areas and for the needs of the nation,” he said
Text from: www.hurriyetdailynews.com/ancient-phaselis-is-slowly-submerging-in-antalya-120754